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Rhamnus alaternus 'John Edwards'

Common Name:
Italian buckthorn
Plant Type:
Evergreen shrub
Rhamnaceae (The Buckthorn Family)
Geographic Origin:
Mediterranean Region
California Native?:
Plant Size:
To 30 feet
Landscape/Garden Uses:
Flowering Season:
Flower Color:
Sun or light shade
Most soils
Suggested Irrigation:
Moderate to little watering
Estimated Hardiness:
Hardy to 10 degrees F. or less
This is a vigorous evergreen shrub, easily trained as a small tree, growing 10-20 feet tall. The main branches are erect to upsweeping, lined by virtual brushes of branchlets. The leaves are up to 2 inches long, pointed-oval in outline, and colored dark green above, pale green beneath, with a lacquered surface. Flowers are tiny and greenish, and many of the small blackish purple berries are hidden by the leaves. This is a nearly indestructible shrub, used in tall screens and hedges or trained as a small tree.